Stadiums of Hate – Politics of Hate

I know, judging by my twitter feed, that I was not alone in being truly horrified by the Panorama report of racism and anti-Semitism in the Ukraine and Poland, as part of an in depth report in the lead up to Euro 2012. On the same evening, Sol Campbell was reported as advising fans not to travel to support England and it was easy to see why (the reply by the Ukraine seemed hollow at best). Perhaps we are insulated on this little island from the worst of the thuggery and racism – we’ve had, and have, our fair share of far-rightneo-Nazis and Fascists but their opinions have never taken a full hold on the British population and the recent disastrous results for the BNP in the local elections were good to read. Parts of Europe are teetering dangerously close to the edge in their populations’ support of far-right parties: Hungary’s Jobbik party is reportedly the 3rd largest party, whilst the recent Greek elections saw the far right party ‘Golden Dawn’ poll around 7% of votes.

However, whilst we are sitting pretty watching vile racist and anti-Semitic chanting and violence spew out of our television screens, I am reminded of all the famous experiments conducted examining group behaviour and obedience to authority that filled my psychology degree text books and were largely the outcome of a world coming to terms with the Holocaust. It was the Holocaust that demonstrated how even members of a civilised society could drift into the most barbaric, inhuman and depraved acts of violence against targets within their own population. The defense of ‘I was only following orders’ seemed absurd and yet as the psychologists began their research it turned out many of us, regardless of who we were, might follow suit under the right circumstances.

Now cast your mind back to the reports of people being swept up in the riots last summer in the UK. We heard of people who did not understand how they turned from getting on with their lives, avoiding criminal behaviour, to marauding and destroying shops, homes and streets (I was struck by this man in particular). We stared, for a very brief moment, into the abyss of what nice English human beings were truly capable of when they became caught up in what seemed to be a perfect storm of circumstances. Most remarkable, of course, were the reports we heard of people defying the seduction of the riot and participating in defending their streets, cleaning up the mess and protecting the civilisation that they valued so much. But what if it hadn’t been rioting, could racist ideology have taken hold as easily in the right circumstances?

Psychologists demonstrated to us the weakness, the vulnerability and the sickening potential of the human psyche. But with these results the psychologists also set before us the most important challenge: to protect ourselves and our society against the possibility of behaving in such a way. To retain our sense of individual responsibility and ethical code that will always protect the most vulnerable in society whether they be, in the words of the Bible, the poor, the widow, the orphan, the stranger (Zechariah 7:10) or the person who is just a bit different from you.

It seems to me that we might not be so quick to think the problem we witnessed on Panorama is ‘their’ problem, since we aren’t really so different from ‘them’. Moreover, the problem of racism is not just ‘their’ problem, because football’s governing bodies, in their infinite wisdom, are sending one of the most prized international competitions to ‘their’ country at which ‘our’ team will compete. A few weeks ago, I submitted a question to BBC Question Time about whether international cultural and sporting events could ever be a positive force for good in a country in which they were held. I did not get to ask my question, but it seems to me that the answer lies considerably less in the event itself and much more in the hard work that campaigners go to in order to shine a spotlight on the issues we might otherwise overlook. The trouble is, the spotlight does not last all that long and once it’s gone out we’re left with darkness and forgetfulness (which is different from the response given on BBC Any Questions).

This IS our problem. It’s our problem that racism, anti-Semitism, islamophobia, and far-right politics seem to be on the rise in their representation in the public sphere around the world. It’s our problem that we send prized sporting competitions to countries like the Ukraine and would otherwise be clueless were it not for some investigative journalism. It’s our problem because ‘they’ are not so different from ‘you’ and ‘I’. Hatred and those who breed hatred are never really far away. We must do something about it and we must remain vigilant.

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3 thoughts on “Stadiums of Hate – Politics of Hate

  1. An utterly Disgusted Person May 30, 2012 / 3:51 pm

    I am an English girl who has been living in Poland for the lat 10 odd years. Not once have I experienced xenophobia, although i am obviously a foreigner. Not once have I seen a black man abused on the street because of his skin colour (and believe me, there are quite a few non-whites in Warsaw). Not once have I seen a Jew openly laughed at.

    Every country has its faults, but Poland isn’t just the ordinary East European country. Poland is moving onwards, and in a good direction. Reports of racism and antisemitism have no ground whatsoever here, these offences are ridiculous.

    And as for the BBC… well.
    They started finding problems with Baku, Azerbaijan JUST before the Eurovision Song Contest, and now they are finding problems with Poland and Ukraine JUST before the Euro 2012 kick-off.

    Funny, isn’t it, that they just WON’T warn about the possible riots / fires / agression / racism / antisemitism / xenophobia / sexism / or any other terrible thing, for that matter, in England before the Olympics… Use your brain and apply logic!

    • rabbinj May 31, 2012 / 10:04 am

      Utterly Disgusted Person

      In part, I think you missed the point of the post since my concern was as much about the question of whether there was the potential for racist and antisemitic flareups to take place anywhere not just in Eastern Europe – hence references to Greece and Hungary – as the the reality of the racism and antisemitism in football in Poland and the Ukraine.

      I just don’t buy your criticism of the BBC in this instance – the one good thing about international competitions is they do shed light on other aspects of the host country, however briefly before the event itself, and let’s face it that is the cost of applying to be host. If they don’t like the attention then don’t play the host.

      But finally, I’ve read plenty of apologetics about the reality of what is really going on in Poland and the Ukraine and I’m glad you’ve never witnessed racism yourself. But there was video evidence in the BBC documentary and, even if the BBC is jumping late on the bandwagon (as you imply), then how do you account for the UK All-Party Parliamentary Group Against Antisemitism report on Racism in Football which has a section about Euro 2012. This was published in January 2012 and uses information compiled in a report between 2009 and 2011.

      I’m not in the business of pointing the imperious finger at other countries, but as the parliamentary group report notes that the report which partially informed their findings highlights ‘denial of the problem’ as a key issue. So it seems there may be some grounds for the criticism even if you yourself have never experienced it.

  2. Trev June 7, 2012 / 7:48 pm

    A lot of what you say is true, however, the film neglected to mention that Krakow has a growing Jewish cultural scene, several synagogues and holds a large Jewish cultural festival annually. Likewise, warsaw has a Jewish theatre and an active synagogue and Jewish community. Polish football has several Jewish and Israeli players (one of whom was interviewed for the film but not included, presumably because he didn’t say what they wanted to hear). Likewise the Polish police were consulted but their material wasn’t used… seemingly for the same reason.

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